Kicker: ENTERTAINMENT Do You Know How to Ride a ‘Ddareungi’ Bike Cheaper? : Introduction of the Bicycle Driving Ability Certification System By Su-Yeon Park, Reporter email@example.com Have you ever ridden a bicycle called Ddareungi? ‘Ddareungi’ is a public bicycle system provided throughout Seoul, and it is a kind of living transportation. Many people enjoy cycling as a sport that they can use on the streets, including the Han River. In addition, bicycles are not only healthy means of transportation, but they also do not emit greenhouse gases, so there is no environmental pollution problem. Currently, the cost of using Ddareungi for an hour a day is 1,000 won, and you can use it at a low price. But if you could use a bicycle 30% cheaper, would you like to try it? There is always a risk of traffic accidents because roads are mixed with various means of transportation other than bicycles. According to the analysis results of bicycle traffic accidents released by the National Police Agency and the Road Traffic Authority, about 50,000 bicycle traffic accidents have occurred over the past 10 years (2011-2020), and 6,233 casualties have occurred in 5,667 traffic accidents in 2020. The bicycle driving ability certification system was introduced with the aim of preventing accidents by learning clear safety rules. <Bicycle Traffic Accident Analysis Results> What is the ‘Bicycle Driving Ability Certification System’? The "Bicycle Driving Ability Certification System" is a system newly introduced in June 2021 to enhance the effectiveness of bicycle safety education and to create a proper and safe bicycle use culture. It is a kind of license that a bicycle rider can obtain, like a driver's license granted to a vehicle driver. About the Bicycle Driving Ability Certification Test Precaution First of all, only Seoul citizens are eligible for the ‘Bicycle Traffic Safety Education Certification’ test in Seoul. Then, you must be a person who has completed bicycle safety education (theory and practice). Therefore, you should apply for bicycle safety education through the ‘Seoul Lifelong Learning Portal’ before taking the test. How to apply? 1. Access the website of the ‘Seoul Lifelong Learning Portal’: (https://sll.seoul.go.kr/main/MainView.dunet) 2. Click ‘All house number 1 (Neighborhood Learning Center)’. 3. Apply for education at the desired place by referring to the schedule posted in 'Seoul City Course Information'. <Example of how to apply for traffic safety education for bicycles> Overview of the test The certification system program is conducted in the order of safety education course completion, writing test, and practical test, and if you score more than 70 points on both writing and practical tests, you can qualify in recognition of your bicycle driving riding ability. Depending on the age of the candidate, the test types are divided into beginner level (9 to under 13 years old) and intermediate level (13 years old or older). Please refer to the table for evaluation items, evaluation contents, and acceptance criteria for each type. Type Target Evaluation items Evaluation contents Criterion for passing Beginner 9 to under 13 years old ∙Writing test -For infants or elementary school students ∙Practical test -Basic skills test for driving ∙Writing test -Traffic laws -Signals -Driving theory -Common sense -etc ∙Practical test 1) Basic skills test for driving: -Safe start and stop -Signals (left and right) -Gear shift -Sudden stop -Crossing the crosswalk -Passing through the intersection (turn left) 2) Driving test (Driving on the road): -ㄹ-shaped course -8-shaped course -Zigzag course Upon completion of writing and practical tests Intermediate level Over 13 years old ∙Writing test -For middle and high school students or adults ∙Practical test -Basic skills test for driving -Driving test (Driving on the road) When scoring more than 70 points for each of writing and practical tests Benefits If you pass the intermediate class of the ‘Bicycle Driving Ability Certification’, you can get a discount on the usage fee of ‘Ddareungi’. 1. Of the Ddareungi usage fees, ‘daily ticket’ will be discounted by 30% and the ‘regular ticket’ will be discounted by 15%. The discount period is two years from the date of certification, which is the validity period of certification. 2. The method of applying the discount is as follows. Successful applicants can automatically receive discounts when purchasing daily or regular tickets from the app after signing up for the ‘Seoul Bicycle Ddareungi’ app. <Discount Application Example in App> People living in modern society are enjoying a more convenient life thanks to various means of transportation. However, it should also be kept in mind that some people who do not abide by norms and rules can harm others. For example, pedestrians on the sidewalk may be injured by bicycles that are indiscriminately parked on the street. In addition, bicycles fall under the Road Traffic Law and are treated as traffic accidents in the event of an accident, so bicycle drivers need to pay special attention. I hope that the introduction of the bicycle driving ability certification system will be a successful start to revitalize a safe bicycle culture. I look forward to creating a safer transportation environment by gradually expanding such safety education and applying it to public bicycles as well as other means of transportation such as electric kickboards.
Kicker: ENTERTAINMENT (DRAMA) The Reason Why Squid Game Is So Popular: Thanks to Reality By Dong-Wook Kim, Editor firstname.lastname@example.org Squid Game is gaining sensational popularity being the first place in 94 countries on Netflix. More than 142 million people have watched this content. This number is three-quarters of Netflix subscribers. With this trend, some people might wonder wouldn’t a game like this happen in reality if the rich investors put their money into it? Japan has released a death match genre before Squid Game, which is evaluated to be similar to Squid Game. However, the content could not melt the hearts of the public. What made Squid Game more popular than other similar genre contents? The Likelihood of the Story Different from Other Works Like Squid Game, this kind of genre is called a battle royale. Battle Royale is a genre which players compete with each other until the last player survives in the end. It is a series of processes that players eliminate to go up. A Japanese comic named ‘Battle Royale’ was the example of this genre. The host locks up the students (players) to make each other to kill themselves. This kind of setting which is extreme gives a lot of tension to the audiences. However, there were a lot of works which use battle royale settings, but they failed to become a success. One of the Scenes that is Used in the Movie ‘Battle Royale’. The setting used in Squid Game is not that tempting, but the relations and the story between the characters are quite unique. Most of the battle royale story focuses on the survival of the main characters rather than how these characters end up being here or why they are fighting. The whole story gets off track and viewers lose interest. Squid Game put emphasis on the background of the characters. A man with a suit suggests people who have no money to do a game of slap-match to win for money. The people get attracted with this simple rule at the same time, dragging themselves into this money game. This action makes people who have no hope because of money to earn money easily just by winning a simple game. It helps the viewers to understand why these people are driven to the end. Main Characters who appeared in Squid Game During the game, there was a chance for the players to give up the game if the majority of the players agree to do so. The competitors barely gave up not to do the game but the upcoming reality was as painful as the game. The Squid Game director adds the inevitable family issue on why the players should rejoin the game. This slight detail made the viewers to empathize and get into the characters. Simple & Interesting Korean Traditional Games The games which Squid Game represents are very Korean style. Red light, green light, Dalgona, Tug of War, Marbles and the Squid Game. These games seem to be everywhere around the world, but they are just so Korean. This might be a reason why foreigners thought these games are very interesting and remind themselves of their countries’ way. Back in the day when there was no internet and no smartphones, the games that children were able to play must have been limited. Games, like marbles and slap-match, might be familiar to most of the people around the world. These games share a common ground that the rules are easy to understand to join for the first time. Traditional Games in Squid Game Something that Could Exist in Reality Life is a circle of infinite competition. Most of the people around the world agree with this sentence. What if the reversal happens from those who have fallen behind in the competition? This extreme story makes people to put in their lives. The scene that VIPs enjoy watching the show between the competitors plays a part too. The viewers might think that this could really happen if billionaires make everything come true inside the Squid Game. Squid Game also sets the VIPs as foreigners. When the final game, Squid Game, starts, the frontman introduces the game rules of Squid Game because the Squid Game has some typical rules. The frontman is a tool that the directors considered for foreigner viewers. Imagine if the VIPs were Koreans and the frontman is explaining the rules to them. The viewers might seem that it is a bit awkward. YouTube Creator Mr. Beast Preparing for the Real Squid Game Over the past few years, OTT, short for over-the-top media service, are becoming a trend. One of the dominant OTT platforms, Netflix, is investing a lot of money in Korean contents. As a reward to this belief, Korean contents are repaying with high profits. Since Disney is ready to compete with Netflix, it is important to release more entertaining original series. Korean content makers and Netflix have become interested in each other, so the subscribers’ expectations of high-quality content follow. Viewers from all over the world are falling in love with Korean content like Squid Game. The situation is win-win for both Korea and Netflix. For Korea, it is a step further to become a powerful content making nation. We are about to become a country that produces good music, dramas and movies this will help us to become a powerful nation that can influence other countries. For Netflix, they are in a situation of losing customers due to Disney and other OTT services. Taking advantage of the crisis, this is a great opportunity for them to show customers who the original owner of the OTT market is. Competition between the big platforms is always great news to the users. Let us expect some overheat in this market. Sources: https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/elaminabdelmahmoud/squid-game-netflix-review-lupin-international https://www.nbcnews.com/pop-culture/pop-culture-news/netflix-s-squid-game-sensation-here-s-why-it-s-n1280646
Kicker: ENTERTAINMENT Two Sides of the Algorithm Focusing on YouTube Sensationalism By Su-Yeon Park, Cub-Reporter / Eun-Jae Choi, Reporter email@example.com/ Weloveeun123@naver.com The COVID-19 and non-face-to-face routines have accelerated digital transformation. Almost all daily activities are online, from travel, finance, accommodation, and delivery to purchasing OTT service content such as YouTube and Netflix. In particular, the rapid provision of customized information recommended by AI algorithms brings speed and convenience while taking consumers away from the pleasure of obtaining various kinds of information themselves. Do people "want to look for new things, hear them, believe them?" or "do they only look for what they want to see, hear what they want to hear, believe what they want to believe?" Let's find out the concealed two sides behind recommended services based on AI algorithms in the era of big data. The current portal's news arrangement service is done through algorithms. Kakao, one of Korea's largest social media platforms, has introduced "Rubics," an AI algorithm-based personalized news recommendation system since 2015, while the portal Naver has introduced "AiRS" since 2017. However, on June 17, the Special Committee on Media Innovation announced that it would seek to eliminate the system of recommending news through the portal's AI algorithm and strengthen news editing rights for news users and news media companies. The decision draws attention as it comes amid a debate over speed and convenience versus confirmation bias. Some argue that AI news recommendation algorithms that analyze people's tendencies increase users' satisfaction by providing search results very quickly based on personalized news preferences, and others say the lack of exposure to various news not only leads to confirmation bias but also does not help healthy society development. The biggest problem with AI recommendation algorithms begins with the priority of providing customized news or content that each individual prefers. American jurist Cass R. Sunstein called “Echo Chamber” the phenomenon of having biased thinking while communicating only with people he/she likes or has similar thoughts. This brings about "Confirmation Bias" in which certain individuals consume only content that suits their taste, AI algorithms continue to recommend content that they prefer, and at the same time do not listen to stories that people disagree with them. Among various media, algorithms can also be found on YouTube, which is used by many people. As with all SNS channels, users want to use the program for a long time, so they use algorithms by increasing their stay time by continuously showing videos that suit viewers' interests. However, these algorithms are causing many problems in which the subjects in the video are more sensational and excessive. The YouTube algorithm is also associated with Google. YouTube is designed to allow users to expose themselves to advertisements, earn profits and earn a lot of money from Google. In other words, the longer you use YouTube, the more advantageous it is. Therefore, YouTube algorithms increase viewing time, become addicted, and lock them up on YouTube platforms. Since popular videos are also exposed to the top of the search results, YouTubers use them to create more views and popular videos. This phenomenon is known as cyber-reck in online space. Cyber-reck cars have emerged as a word for YouTubers who quickly create and increase views whenever an issue occurs in an online space, such as a tow truck running to a traffic accident scene. Recently, YouTubers who create and increase the number of views by piecing together avideo like the case of medical student Son Jung-min, who was broadcasted in "I Want to Know It," can feel the seriousness. There are also false profit structures that incite subscribers or earn profits by spreading false information. In addition, YouTubers are increasing the number of views by sensationally adding thumbnail images and titles, which are preview images, to induce their own video clicks. Since YouTube consistently updates videos that users will like and be interested in, users end up stuck in certain frames and exposed to similar tastes of videos. Therefore, the continuous exposure of sensational thumbnails and images creates a big problem of uncritically accepting sexually targeted media. According to a survey of U.S. adults in the fall of 2018, the Pew Research Center said 64% of YouTube users find false information videos while using YouTube. In addition, 60 percent of people said they often see videos of people acting dangerously or in trouble. It shows that most people who use YouTube have seen videos that are problematic. There is a problem to leave various platforms to artificial intelligence alone. Therefore, it is necessary to discover new high-quality YouTube videos to prevent the spread of provocative and fake content indiscriminately. < U.S. YouTube User Survey> What should we do to avoid falling into the affirmative bias? You have to be in a position to double check if the information you are watching is really true. It is necessary to check whether the corresponding sources, media, and sources are properly identified. It should also be aware of various content and question whether only one's opinion is being unilaterally sent out. In the case of YouTube, harmful videos need to be actively blocked and reported one by one to create a better social environment. Furthermore, in the case of news, it is important that major portal sites in Korea provide services to users to select and organize news screens, not click the news as recommended by AI algorithms, but select and watch the news themselves. Just as there are advantages to everything, there are certainly disadvantages. Algorithms are almost impossible to stop all the problems that have arisen with YouTube, which has become very influential today. However, it is the wisest way for users to develop a critical view without consuming the contents of cyber-reckers. Therefore, it is very necessary for people to develop their media literacy ability to analyze and evaluate media, rather than simply absorb it as it is.
Kicker: ENTERTAINMENT(EXPERIENCE) Youth Day: A Policy for US by Yoo-Jung Kim, Editor-In-Chief firstname.lastname@example.org Do you know that September 18th is Youth Day? There are various events for our young people on this day. Since it's our day, we can know youth policy and see performances by young people. Don't you want to find out more about the Youth Day? Let's go find out what Youth Day is and what kind of events it's holding. <The meaning of the Youth Day Event> Youth Day is a legal anniversary established to promote the importance of youth rights and youth development and to raise interest in youth issues. The Youth Day event began in 2017, and this year marks the fifth year of Youth Day. This Youth Day has been enacted under the Framework Act on Youth since last year. It's a legitimate 'second youth day'. To this end, many organizations, including the government and local governments, hosted Youth Day since 2017. As a result, Youth Day events contributed greatly to the enactment of the Framework Act on Youth. Under the Framework Act on Youth, Youth Day became an official youth event. According to the Basic Youth Act, young people set a date for the third Saturday of September every year. Last year, "Youth Day" was held where young people can participate directly to the point that it was offline even in the case of COVID19. This year, it will be held at the Olympic Park Peace Square on October 30th. <5th Youth Day Temporary Poster> <An Event that we can participate in on Youth Day> Experience, employment, beauty and food can be seen at Youth Day events. In the experience, young people can make eco bags with handmade products and experience various VR devices. Job consulting is free and you can share tips related to TOEIC. In the beauty field, makeup professionals offer free makeup to young people. As for food, there is a place where you can eat and talk about various foods. Each year, there is also a time to invite various young entertainers to enjoy various performances. You can sing and dance so that everyone can enjoy it together. "Youth Song Festival and Dance Contest" will also be held so that we can go on stage ourselves. Currently, two Youth Day events are trying to recruit students from Sangmyung University to participate. The first one is a flash mob. It is an activity that shows the will of youth by dancing together. The second is university student supporters. Supporters of the Youth Day inform young people of Youth Day and participate in various events and reports. If you are interested, apply and have a good experience. <2020 Youth Day Event> <Various policies and laws for Young People> In fact, in the year when Youth Day began, a special job support program for young people was also launched. Various local governments help young people find jobs by creating programs in various fields. All support for this is free of charge, so if Sangmyung University students have any concerns about employment, let's find a special program in their region. In addition to the existing job support, 200,000 young people will be provided with a "special job support fund." It also established a "small businessman's new hope fund" for young self-employed people. The government is trying to help us in a variety of ways to make our lives better for young people. As youth policies and laws officially emerge, youth policies will also be sought in various regions. In fact, Gyeonggi Province has created a "Youth Interview Allowance" policy, which provides interview allowances five times per person when interviewed by companies and confirmation is made. In addition, based on communication with young people, the second youth life improvement plan is being promoted, such as expanding youth employment incentives and reducing the student debt burden. There are various policies for newlyweds considering not only employment but also marriage, so let's look for them and make good use of them! Like this, Youth Day is for all young people, including our Sangmyung University students. I recommend you to spend your time for us or participate in the festival for the Youth Day. Let's wait for our day which is only once a year. ◎For university student supporters and students interested in flash mobs, see the link below. *University Student Supporters: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdJDy2l7iLxYD7Frfd_U5tS2_GuNm_OuZxfaws5-t2GtpoV6A/viewform *Flash Mob Participants: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfnJn5n0fwhANj5NV2W03ytszn4XwBPBqIHC-NLlros-6no5g/viewform
Kicker: ENTERTAINMENT (CULTURE) Our Perception of Chinese Culture Slowly Penetrating Our Life What is China’s Northeast Project? Yeong-Jin Choi, Eun-Jae Choi, Reporter email@example.com, Weloveeun123@naver.com Sinocentrism*, the “Book-Bul Theory”, and Confucianism* all share the similarities; that they are deeply connected with the relationship between China and Korea since the past. Nowadays, Koreans are worried about the fine dust problems China is triggering that can cause a severe damage to a human body, and crimes that Korean ethnic minority groups of China are committing. COVID-19, a catastrophic disease worldwide has been a serious matter all around the world. Koreans too, are still suffering with the Corona Virus. Koreans are exploding with anger over the fact that the Corona Virus originated in China, and it has ignited far more critical issues. China’s Northeast Project is what Koreans are mainly focusing on now. This matter must be perceived as even more of a serious problem because it is slowly penetrating our life without us noticing. Therefore, by understanding of the examples of China’s Northeast Project and how the Korean twenties think of China, we must learn of the attitude of what we ought to have. *Sinocentrism: Any ethnocentric political ideology that regards to China to be central or unique relative to other countries. *Confucianism: A philosophy based on the ideas of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. Choseun Gumasa and China’s Northeast Project “Choseun Gumasa”, a television program from SBS has been seriously criticized and was cancelled due to the protest viewers have made. Although 80 percent of the total shooting has been done and outrageous* financial loss is expected, the drama could not keep on broadcasting. Gae-Ok Park, a writer of the scenario of Choseun Gumasa, has been massively blamed after Chung-Neung-Dae-Gun, a great man and admired by many Koreans as a name of King Sejong has served an exorcism* priest, Gumasa, a Chinese mooncake, Chinese dumpling, and Century Egg*. Even though the background of the drama was Choseun, China’s Northeast Project has been depicted*. What is China’s Northeast Project then? China’s Northeast Project is all kinds of histories and studies China has promoted since 2002 under the purpose of making every history that happened in China’s territory into their own. China claims that ancient Korea, the history of Goguryeo is one part of China’s Northeast Project, which is continuously provoking* a conflict between Korea and China. Chinese Product Placement of “Choseun Gumasa” *Exorcism: The process of forcing an evil spirit to leave a person or place by using prayers or magic. *Century Egg: A Chinese egg-based culinary dish made by preserving duck, chicken, or quail eggs in a mixture of clay, ash, salt, quicklime, and rice hulls for several weeks to several months. *Outrageous: Shocking and morally unacceptable. *Depict: To represent or show something in a picture or story. *Provoke: To cause a reaction, especially a negative one. Product Placement of Goddess Descend What is PPL? PPL is a konglish* abbreviation for Product Placement, also known as Embedded* Marketing, which is a type of advertising indirectly by exposing the product of a company continuously in the film or drama. It is effective by saying or showing the product over and over, making the viewer to unconsciously think positively of the product, and to buy it afterwards. “Goddess Descend”, a popular drama of tvN was also severely criticized for China’s product placement. At the seventh episode of Goddess Descend, an advertisement of Jingdong, a Chinese e-commerce* platform, was hung widely at the bus station. Plus, at the same episode, there were several posters attached at the convenience store advertising Zihaiguo’s instant cup ramaen. Netizens were worried that the drama may seem heterogeneous* to Koreans, and also called out that even though the drama was made by Chinese money, it has gone way too much. Chinese Product Placement of “Goddess Descend” *Konglish: English loanwords that have been appropriated into Korean and include many English words that are used in ways that are not readily understandable to native English speakers. *Embedded: Fixed into the surface of something. *e-commerce: The business of buying and selling goods and services on the internet. *Heterogeneous: Consisting of parts or things that are very different from each other. Positive Product Placement In a television program “What’s the Point of Playing?”, Jae-Suk Eu, a famous MC in Korea, was complimented even though he directly did product placement. Since active product placement can ruin the whole context*, viewers usually dislike it. However, it is unusual that the netizens liked his direct product placement. Since many other TV programs are continuously placing Chinese products these days, Jae-Suk Eu eating white rice, Kimchi, Gim-Bugak*, and nurungji was a clear point-out of criticizing cultural China’s Northeast Project and the current situation. This situation emphasized that the netizens do not just hate any kinds of product placement, but only if it does not share any point of views. Jae-Suk-Eu, Eating Korean Traditional Cuisines in “What’s the Point of Playing” *Context: The situation within which something exists or happens, and that can help explain it. *Gim-Bugak: Korean traditional cuisine which is fried seaweed paper coated with glutinous rice paste. *Nurungji: Korean traditional cuisine also known as crunchy rice, which is thin crust of slightly browned rice at the bottom of the cooking pot. Korean Culture Being Eroded Problems related to China not only appear from the outside but also from inside. The petition appeared on the bulletin board of the presidential office ‘Cheong Wa Dae’ on March 29th. "Please withdraw the construction of Chinatown in Gangwon Province*." The petition emerged as a major social issue and closed last month with the consent of as many as 677,80 people. In response, when Gangwon Province Governor* Choi Moon-soon was found to be pushing for a project to build China Dream City in Jeongdongjin, many people argued against it and posted a message on the national petition. Meanwhile, Kim Jong-moon, head of the Chuncheon Central Line Historic Site Preservation Headquarters, expressed his critical stance* on the construction of Chinatown. He said that Chinatown construction is part of the Northeast Project as much as China's most devoted effort, adding that it is the central site that can destroy the Northeast Project, and the prehistoric* sites in Chuncheon, Hongcheon, and Gangwon Province serve as the central site. He said, "The history of the Korean people itself is rooted in China and it is entrenched* in the history that China dominated the entire Northeast Asia, including the Korean people. However, if Chinatown is built in Gangwon Province, China could complete its own Northeast Fair History invasion." Furthermore, the petitioners strongly argued that the central prehistoric site is the world's largest historical site with huge artifacts excavated* and removing such valuable places for foreigners could result in our history being buried as it is. Thanks to these petitions, many petitions are appearing for Pocheon Chinatown in addition to Chuncheon. In addition, some argued that ‘Hongik people’ should be removed from history textbooks. Min Hyung-bae of the Democratic Party* of Korea proposed a revision to the Framework* Act on Education with 11 ruling party lawmakers. The plan is to delete the expression "under the ideology* of Hongik people" in Article 2's "Education Ideology" altogether and change the phrase "to all citizens." However, the education community protested, "Can we delete the core values that have been building the basic framework of our education since the founding of Korea just because they are abstract?" Not only the educational community but also ethnic religious groups and the people withdrew due to strong opposition. Potentially, problems are constantly occurring in Korea to promote the movement of the Northeast process. A photo calling for the withdrawal of the Framework Act on Education to delete Hongik human education ideology *Province : a large section of a country which has its own administration *Governor : a person who is in charge of the political administration of a region or state *Stance : form an opinion about something that affects society *Prehistoric : people and things existed at a time before information was written down *Entrench : to make it difficult to change *Excavate : usually use it to talk about large digging projects, like when people excavate in order to construct a foundation for a large building, or when they are digging up an area to look for ancient artifacts or dinosaur bones. *Democratic Party : the older and more liberal of the two major political parties *Framework : particular set of rules, ideas, or beliefs which you use in order to deal with problems or to decide what to do. *Ideology : a set of beliefs, especially the political beliefs on which people, parties, or countries base their actions. College Students' Perceptions of China With problems with China continuing to arise, a survey of what university students would think showed very negative results. A total of 40 people answered, 57.5% of the respondents said they were "very unlikely" when asked if there was a positive perception of China, 25% chose "unlikely" and 17.5% chose "normal". In addition, 77.5% answered "yes" when asked about the tendency to avoid buying products related to China or China. And 90% of the respondents said "yes" to whether they felt serious about the Northeast Project, the most controversial issue, indicating that the overall perception of China was very poor. Students could receive the most answers from self-centered thinking as they looted cultures such as fine dust sources, lack of copyright awareness, historical distortion*, communism, corona origin, and Sinocentrism. In addition, about 45% of the questions about "Do you think Korea's influx of immigrants and ethnic Koreans is more important than the opinions of the people?" showed that "very unlikely," indicating that college students who feel many problems not only in China but also in Korea. Finally, if we look at the students' opinions on the Northeast Project process in China, they wrote most of the concernthat, worry about making Korean culture their own, and opinions that this should be treated as important in the program like broadcasting companies. However, these surveys also showed that students tend to have a lot of fragmentary views and subjective thoughts in their opinions, therefore the environment and media that can develop education and accurate judgment on these points should also be considered important. *Distortion : the changing of something into something that is not true or not acceptable Cases of China's northeastern process and surveys of actual college students show that relations between Korea and China have overheated. In addition, unlike in the past, as the media developed, many people raised these problems and they have emerged as a central issue. As the Northeastern Process worsens, the phenomenon of losing the identity of Korea's history and culture continues. In this regard, the Korean people should make efforts to protect their culture. The broadcast media and social media, which have a lot of power to pay attention to and prevent China's slowly penetrating Northeastern Process, need a lot of attention when dealing with these issues. Also, people should voice various opinions and point out problems throughnational petitions and constantly argue about China's Northeast Process and history distortions that potentially occur in Korea. However, it is not right to judge China as a whole due to the problems of China's Northeast Process. Since it can cause secondary problems that can even spread to Chinese hatred, we should try to solve the problem by focusing on the problems of the Northeast Process, not on race.
Kicker: ENTERTAINMENT(PRESS) Continuous Keyboard Warriors: Focusing on Press Fairness By Eun-Jae Choi, Reporter Weloveeun123@naver.com Recently, the issue of the seriousness of school violence has been re-examined with the recent "Me Too movement of celebrity school violence." Entertainers who influence people a lot through media, such as idols, actors, and broadcasters, should be more careful, but public opinion has raised a lot of anger over the many aggressors* of school violence who hurt victims in their socially immoral behavior. However, while the perpetrators were obviously wrong, we have to know a "keyboard warrior" in biased public opinion coordination. So we need to pay attention to another group of people hidden in the case of school violence perpetrators*. <School violence illustration> *Aggressor : The aggressor in a fight or battle is the person, group, or country that starts it *Perpetrator: someone who has committed a crime or a violent or harmful act What is "yellow journalism"? The problem of school violence in the entertainment industry is slightly different from that of the general public. It is the wrong media article that drives those problems. This is called "yellow journalism". The simple definition of yellow journalism is to incite readers with provocative* titles and articles. It is characterized by a tendency like sensation journalism, which stimulates the primitive* instincts* of the public and appeals to curiosity to report on interest. As the logic of capitalist market competition intensifies, newspapers refer to the phenomenon that the content is increasingly stimulating and filled with sensational events such as crimes, bizarre* incidents, and sexual scandals. The characteristic of yellow journalism is that it uses provocative titles in editing and has excessive photography. In 1889, W.R. Hearst's "Morning Journal" took steps from J. Pulitzer's popular Sunday cartoon "Yellow Kid" to create another "yellow kid," and at the same time, the two magazines were fiercely* competing for the yellow kid. It was later referred to as "yellow press" or "yellow paper" for newspapers that published sensational articles. Yellow journalism has been around for a long time, but it can be particularly serious in entertainment events. *Provocative : it is intended to make people react angrily or argue against it *Primitive: belonging to a society in which people live in a very simple way, usually without industries or a writing system *Instinct : the natural tendency that a person or animal has to behave or react in a particular way *Bizarre : very odd and strange *Fiercely : in a frightening, violent, or powerful way Repeated media play and malicious comments Earlier, some people were damaged by false information in the’ Me Too movement’. It's Chu, an idol member of ‘Girl of the Month’. Unverified articles related to school violence have grown indiscriminately*, and as various communities and malicious* comments have intensified, related agencies and artists have written appeals to stop. Eventually, the article about school violence was false, which led the agency to file a complaint against netizens who spread false information. Under the provisions* set forth in the Constitution, the press and publication shall not infringe* on the honor or rights of others, public morals or social ethics. It is stated that when the press or publication infringes on the honor or rights of others, the victim may claim compensation for the damage. In order for privacy disclosure to be justified, it means that reports of privacy violations cannot be unconditionally justified on the grounds that celebrities and celebrities are public figures because they must be of legitimate public interest in public interests. However, there are keyboard warriors that appear with the wrong press. It's the people who post too many malicious comments. Among celebrities with thick fandom, the victims' protection is not being protected by the incitement* of malicious comments. Regarding the school violence issue, Su-jin, a member of the famous idol "Girls" group, caused secondary damage by writing malicious comments to the victim who was assaulted by Su-jin due to her strong female fan base. The victim eventually decided to file a complaint and responded to the continuous second assault, but the wounds of the victims remained indelible*. < Photos of the Me Too movement victim, Choo, and the school violence perpetrators, Sujin.> *Indiscriminately: in a way that does not show careful choice or planning, usually with harmful results *Malicious: intended to harm people or their reputation, or cause them embarrassment and upset *provision : the act of giving it or making it available to people who need or want it *Infringe: break rules or do something which disobeys it *Incitement: the act of encouraging someone to do or feel something unpleasant or violent *Indelible : mark or substance is impossible to remove by washing or in any other way The basic mission of the press is to preserve public character and to verify facts objectively. Wrong articles, which were written with inaccurate and sensational titles, continue to appear filled with gossip and sensational articles, not only about victims of school violence. As a result, we should recognize that there is a growing number of keyboard warriors, such as those who post malicious comments with false information, and develop a view that should be looked at objectively and critically, not instigated by media companies. Celebrities who influence us a lot have that responsibility, but there is no public nature, and the yellow journalistic reporting practice of writing articles with information that is overly stimulating and false should be changed.
Kicker: ENTERTAINMENT (CULTURE) Daughter-in-Law, Gender Stereotypes in Korean Culture -Focusing on ‘The in Law’ Drama By Eugene Ha, Reporter firstname.lastname@example.org Do you know the drama 'The in Law', which aired on Kakao TV last November? Based on a popular webtoon called ‘Myeoneuragi,’ it has recently become a hot topic on Instagram and Facebook. ‘Myeoneuragi’ is a word that refers to a daughter-in-law in a cute way, which is a direct and affectionate word. From the title, we have a foreboding of what will unfold. Since its release for the first time, it has garnered more than 1 million views and ended with more than 17 million views in each episode, drawing sympathy from various generations. Why is the viewer response so hot? The drama clearly shows the newly coined word ‘seaworld’, which means in-laws of Korean culture. Various age groups are immersed and pouring out their opinions. ‘Seaworld,’ which is only in Korea, gets worse during the national holidays. Changes seem to be needed because the tradition of culture, which has been handed down for a long time, is not a necessary tradition, not a natural acceptance. Let's learn more about this drama that gave family members a chance to reflect on themselves. The main character of this drama tries to become a good daughter-in-law without knowing it as soon as she gets married. The daughter-in-law's life, which is projected through her newly married "Min Sa-rin," shows how unfair things that have been recognized as a natural duty of a daughter-in-law are. There is also an ugly sister-in-law. There is no dramatic conflict, but most married women have honestly portrayed the injustice they must have experienced and felt, so it is a drama that many women sympathize with, cry and get angry together about. Episodes of this drama are likely to happen at any house. Let's take a look at a few episodes. Korean Thanksgiving Day “Chuseok” The first son and his wife, who are working together, went to their in-laws' house to celebrate their first holiday after marriage, and the mother-in-law told his son to go in and rest, and the father-in-law and uncle are drinking alcohol, and she asked if daughter in law brought comfortable clothes, calling her "baby." Then the daughter-in-law feels bad and talks to her mother in law that her son and daughter go to a room and rest and father drinks and only helps me with the food, right? Then she leaves the house without saying anything. This messes up the family atmosphere, and the mother cries, ending the episode. Last year Chuseok, the first daughter-in-law leaving scene “Chuseok”, The Following Year. This is the story of his second son Mu Gu-young and his wife Min Sa-rin, who came to his in-laws' house before Chuseok. After hearing her mother working in the kitchen from dawn, Min Sa-rin eventually wakes up and helps. And when her husband Mu Gu-young tried to help, her mother stopped him, kicked him out of the kitchen, and made food for the memorial service with her only. At the big table, men are eating, and women are eating together at a small table. And the mother-in-law who keeps running errands, saying that men are not going to the kitchen. The conflict between his wife and mother intensifies as he barely arrives home after hearing his mother-in-law's phone call and suddenly goes back to his in-laws' home and eats until dinner. Difference between men and women, husbands and wives How did they come to a conclusion? In the last episode of the drama, Min Sa-rin gets tired so she goes traveling alone to Jeju Island, and her husband realizes how much he couldn't take care of her while living in a house without a wife. And he goes to Jeju to meet her. He confesses calmly, saying, “I won't take things for granted." And she gets the courage to say no to things she doesn't like before and goes back to her in-laws. This drama shows the in-laws' atmosphere, which is one part of our culture. We can bring sympathetic episodes of our daily lives and see how much we naturally demand in the lines of our mother-in-law and father-in-law. It makes us think about the seaworld, the daughter-in-law culture that we strongly sympathize with and think about. In fact, there are no rules to do something and there is no definition of action. This custom has long come down and everyone has taken it for granted. However, while this practice is still sympathetic, many modern families are breaking the ice. It seems to be an old custom in Korea that still has the values in its head that women should be like this and men should be like this by gender and men and women should be like this.
Kicker: ENTERTAINMENT (SOCIETY PROBLEM) How Far Should Freedom of Artistic Expression be Allowed? Artistic Tolerance on the Subject of Women By Eun-Jae Choi, Reporter Weloveeun123@naver.com BLACKPINK who are world-famous K-POP star girl group released their new song "Love and Sick Girls" in October. However, controversy has spreads over whether they were distorting the image of nurses and commercializing them as sex products. some suggested that the lyrics should be reflected and viewed as an independent art genre without any specific intention. How far should we allow freedom of artistic expression? The controversial music video scene of 'Love and sick girls' Sexual Objectification that has Existed for a Long Time In fact, nurses are working hard, taking a risk about various diseases and pandemic of corona infection. However, they have been called "agassi" since the past, and their images are distorted by popular culture at a time when costumes are made around uniforms, worsening the image of a branded nurse. Besides nurses, there are people like flight attendants and teachers. There has long been a history of sexual objectification of jobs mainly for women. In addition to the aforementioned BLACKPINK music videos, such problems can be found in many girl group music videos in the past. There have also been many scenes in entertainment and broadcasting programs where people make sexual jokes while having a job with fantasies about uniforms. That is why we need to look at the sexual fixation problems that have existed for a long time. An Effort to Break Stereotypes There is also much improvement in sexual problems that have occurred a lot in the past. As an example, Aero K Airlines, a new airline, recently made headlines for introducing uniforms that break away from sexual stereotypes. They corrected the problem of the aforementioned uniform. The airline has come up with a design tailored to the practicality of uniforms. Instead of wearing tight skirts and heels, they chose airy sweatshirts, pants and sneakers. The manufactured uniforms were well received by many as they were made to match the essence of the crew, "safety," rather than the outward "beauty." According to the workers in the job group, these issues should become a social debate because the objectification of uniform grades reduces job value. We have to put a lot of voices into society and solve the problem one by one like the new airline Aero K uniform. Uniform photos that set 'Aero K' airline safety as a top priority Examples of Female Demeanor in Art Problems appear not only in the media but also in webtoons that many people enjoy. The freedom of expression on the subject of women in popular culture cannot be judged as just art, as in the case of ‘Gian84’ and ‘Helper’, which were criticized by many for their misogyny and sensationalism. Webtoon writer Gian84 has caused much controversy in the 'King of Return' series. The controversial webtoon shows Bong Ji-eun, the webtoon's heroine, breaking a big clam on her stomach when the team members dine out, saying "Hard work does not work. and It is not at that level of academic background, specs, and effort." Later, he drew a scene in which an old bachelor in his 40s hired a heroine as an intern with admiration after seeing such behavior. Readers who saw these scenes criticized Gian84 for belittling women, saying, "It implies that the heroine Bong Ji-eun passed the Interview exam after having sex with her male boss." Following the controversy over Gian84's sensitivity to gender awareness, there was also public opinion on the sensationalism of Helper II: Kilberos. Lee Ji-geum, who is considered a cartoon character modeled after the famous singer "IU," was described as a middle school student who almost got sexually abused by the main character. In addition, after being bound naked with the appearance of a female elderly character, there was a scene of torture under drug administration, followed by reports from readers who felt serious about these scenes. Due to many controversies, Naver webtwoon company said it will strengthen its current guidelines in areas where writers can participate in considering their creative parts. The scene that became a problem in 'The returning king webtoon' As mentioned earlier, efforts to correct the problems continue, however there are still many unresolved issues. Therefore, works that are called the realm of creation but not reflected in human rights and the times should not be regarded as independent art, nor should they be hidden behind the name of creation. As times goes by, we also have to keep up with the changes and correct the wrong perceptions and thoughts of the past so that we can create a better environment. That is why it should be considered once again if it is proper to express women's sexual objectification in the media and the art world as only provocative elements.
Kicker: ENTERTAINMENT (YOUTUBE) Two-Sides of YouTube Focusing on Value Sharing and YouTube Journalism by Sol-Hyang Park, Reporter email@example.com What is the world's fastest growing population and the second most populous country? India? Brazil? Wrong. If it is difficult, I will give you a hint. The focus should be on 'digital'. The answer is YouTube. 1. The World of YouTube According to data from the social media platform management company Hootsuite and British digital marketing company Wears Social, Facebook is the number one country in digital territory. It is close to 2.4 billion people. Number 2 is YouTube with 2 billion people. It is far more than 1.4 billion China or 1.3 billion India. Moreover, its pace of population growth is unparalleled. YouTube is available in more than 90 countries in 80 languages. The daily viewing time amounts to 1 billion hours. Korea's YouTube upward trend is also great. According to the "Social Media and Search Portal Trend Report 2020" survey of 620 men and women in their 10s to 50s in Korea, 89.2 % of users watch YouTube, and what is more surprising is that more than 30 % of users in their 40s and 50s watch YouTube. In the past, YouTube was a place where people in 10s and 20s upload videos just for fun and was unfamiliar to middle-aged people over 40. However, as countless creative contents, celebrities’ channels, videos aired on TV etc. are uploaded especially in the recent corona virus crisis, people have come to use YouTube to relieve boredom. YouTube, which was mostly used by a certain age group in the past, has become a playground for everyone. 2. Place to Share Value YouTube's recently concluded "Gajja Sanai" series, started in July, had a huge impact on the Korean Internet broadcasting industry and became so popular that it was the most talked about program in 2020. The "Gajja Sanai" content aims for entertainers to overcome human limitations through UDT/SEAL special course training at MUSAT. Rough language and behavior only available in YouTube attracted many viewers, and people's determination to challenge the limits of true human beings is the main reason for its high popularity. Rather than simply "experience" the special military process, the program showed the growth of participants by sending the message “You can do it.” It is quite different from other entertainment contents that are simply funny. Like this, YouTube is full of various contents and ingenious imagination. In addition, they share their own stories, such as their tips or experiences of something, make contents based on various jobs, and unbox their products. As such, YouTube is now a place for exchanging and sharing important values such as empathy and emotion beyond the function of uploading videos. 3. YouTube Journalism As YouTube has emerged as a powerful video platform, the competition among the media is getting fiercer. Media companies are overhauling the online sector and strengthening video contents. That is why the new term “YouTube Jornalism” has emerged. The term has not yet been clearly defined academically, but it is a term that has emerged as more and more people are dissatisfied with traditional newspapers and broadcasting and watch news on YouTube. Now the number of subscribers to major YouTube news channels are all over 1 million, and in the case of news radio, YouTube streaming is essential. In fact, most viewers listen to the radio on YouTube streaming.Diverse types of YouTube personal news channels In addition to the news produced by broadcasters, personal news is also noteworthy. Beyond dealing with domestic entertainment and political issues, it informs users of a wide variety of issues, such as organizing and delivering overseas issues that are not handled well by the local media, sports issues and covering international sports events. These creators have many subscribers by delivering more specific and interesting information than Internet articles and broadcasting. Until now, traditional media, such as newspapers and TVs, have dominated the production and distribution of news. However, with the advent of YouTube, distribution was divided and their dominance has decreased. Now, anyone who is not a journalist can produce "news" on YouTube. YouTube journalism has challenged traditional journalism and weakens its control, while giving power to individuals. People expect more “interest”, “fun” on YouTube than simple “fact” and “truth.” Based on this demand, many people produce contents that reflect it. There is clearly a problem here. The spread of fake news, which is simple but powerful, has accelerated. It attracts people's attention with provocative titles or thumbnails even on trivial issues. In addition, YouTube's self-selected "algorithm" sometimes focuses only on certain aspects of information, which prevents users from having a neutral eye. Furthermore, the number of victims of vicious comments and rumors is increasing. If you click any video about any celebrity, you can easily see malicious comments. It’s overflowing and even if someone reports them, they are not easily accepted. 4. The Way Ahead The mentioned problems are becoming more serious as YouTube usage increases rapidly in the Corona era. YouTube should be aware of the damage caused by fake information and vicious comments and tighten regulations. Consumers should not have blind faith in YouTube either. If you just watch what you want to see, you can be trapped in passive thinking. You should look at and judge information from a more diverse perspective. YouTube's growth has allowed us to make diverse and creative contents and share greater value beyond information delivery. We laugh more, are touched more, and gain much knowledge using YouTube. However, always be aware that there is so much fake information and are so many victims. Let's all use YouTube wisely! Sources : https://froma.co.kr/605 https://goeonair.com/news/article.html?no=18342 https://picup.kr/service/marketing02.php5/79